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Facts about Emeralds

  1. Emerald is the birthstone of May and is the traditional gift for the 20th, 35th and 55th wedding anniversary in the US. 
  2. Emerald is made from beryl just like the gemstone aquamarine.
  3. Emerald measures between 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs Scale of Hardness. Though they are durable stones, emeralds are susceptible to chipping and cracking.
  4. Colombia yields the largest amount of emeralds, contributing to more than 50 percent of all emerald production worldwide.
  5. The oldest emeralds are about 2.97 billion years old.
  6. The first known emeralds were mined in Egypt around 1500 BC.
  7. Emeralds were first discovered in North America in the Yukon Territory in 1997, though large emerald deposits in the United States and further north are very rare. 
  8. Emeralds were thought to guard against memory loss and enhance intuition.
  9. The soft, calming color of the emerald helped early lapidaries rest their eyes after an extended period of concentration.
  10. Top-quality emeralds can be worth more than diamonds on a per-carat basis.
  11. Most emeralds have some type of inclusion or imperfection, and emeralds without imperfections or inclusions are very rare.
  12. The best color is vivid green or blueish-green with even saturation and no color zoning. 
  13. An emerald pendant necklace owned by Elizabeth Taylor sold for $6.5 million in 2011, breaking down to about $280,000 paid per carat.
  14. Clean gently by hand using warm water. 
  15.  You can coat emeralds with baby oil as an extra care precaution to help the stone from becoming overly brittle. 

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